Proper attribution of a source must be given if you are:
(1) directly quoting a source (online document, video transcript, interview, statistics, tables, charts, etc…),
(2) paraphrasing a source (i.e. using the words or ideas of the creator and rephrasing them using your own words and structure), or
(3) summarizing a source (taking talking points from a source, reducing content).
Information that is considered common knowledge does not need to cited. Common knowledge can be a difficult term to identify, especially when you begin to delve deeper into research within a specific discipline. Review this page on Common Knowledge from the Yale University Writing Center that discusses the ambiguity of the term and how it is important to look at the context in which the information is being delivered or shared to determine whether or not a source would be common knowledge (foundational knowledge) to its audience.
Here are 3 recommended websites for assistance with APA Style:
NSCC's cite research page provides information on using citation correctly and highlights the library's available resources for APA guidelines.
Purdue University's Online Writing Lab has produced an APA Formatting and Style Guide that can help with APA guidelines, in-text citations, formatting a paper, and citing tables & figures.
The APA Style website, which includes quick reference guides and tutorials, and APA Style Blog that provides answers to uncommon questions, are two sites produced by the American Psychological Association.
If you prefer to use to a print guide, the NSCC Libraries own these style guides. Ask a Librarian if you need help locating them.
Book a Librarian! Librarians are available to help you with citations.
Tutoring assistance is available in-person or online.
Location: DS105, LW222
eTutoring is also available, To Access: