Book Basic Format
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book, Publisher, Publication Date.
Book with one author
Bontemps, Arna. Free at Last: the Life of Frederick Douglass. Dodd, Mead & Company, 1971.
Book with two authors
Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring. Allyn and Bacon, 2000.
Book with three or more authors
Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Utah State UP, 2004.
AuthorLastname, Firstname. "Article Title." Periodical Title. Volume, Issue number, Date, page numbers. URL.
Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50.
Journal Article from a Library Database
Kohn, Margaret. “Frederick Douglass's Master-Slave Dialectic.” Journal of Politics, vol. 67, no. 2, 2005, pp. 497–514., JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/343300.
Journal Article with More than One Author
Axelrod, J. B. C., and Rise B. Axelrod. “Reading Frederick Douglass through Foucault's Panoptic Lens: A Proposal for Teaching Close Reading.” Pacific Coast Philology Vol. 39, 2004, pp. 112–127. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25474159.
Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01.
Author. "Title." Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (URL).
Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov. 2003, www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/. Accessed 10 May 2006.
Page on a Website
“Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview.” WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/tc/athletes-foot-topic-overview.
Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. Museo Nacional del Prado, www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-family-of-carlos-iv/f47898fc-aa1c-48f6-a779-71759e417e74. Accessed 22 May 2006.
McGonigal, Jane. “Gaming and Productivity.” YouTube, uploaded by Big Think, 3 July 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkdzy9bWW3E.
@tombrokaw. “SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign.” Twitter, 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m., twitter.com/tombrokaw/status/160996868971704320.
MLA citations are created by identifying important pieces of information about a source, called Core Elements, and organizing them in a consistent order. Sources may all of the core elements or only a few. The core elements and order for citations are:
After identifying the elements, arrange them in order using the punctuation that appears in the list to create the citation.
Last name, First name. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Date, Location.
In addition to the core elements, there are a number of optional elements you may include depending on the source and your instructor's preference.
Date of Access: For online sources, including the date you accessed the material is helpful because online content can change frequently. Add the date of access at the end of the citation using the word Accessed and the Day Month Year format: Accessed 4 May 2009.
URLs: URLS may be used as the location element for an online source but are not required. Always check with your instructor see if they prefer URLs to be included.
DOIs: A DOI is a unique identifier (like a social security number) that are assigned to many new journal articles. While they are not required, DOIs make it easy to find a journal article quickly and are useful to include if the article has one. DOIs may be used as the location element of the citation for an article.