When writing research papers it is important to cite all the resources you used. As you're conducting your research be sure to collect the citation information from each book, article, or Website you find. Whether you quote directly from one of these sources or put the ideas in your own words you must cite it. If you don't cite correctly you could be found guilty of plagiarism.
Citations are easy to find in the Library's databases; many of which allow you to email the correctly formatted citation to yourself. Basic citation information includes the title of the work, author, publisher, date, and perhaps source. Use the citation templates to find what information you need to collect for your sources.
Check out our Citation Guide for more information about citations and citing.
AuthorLastname, Firstname (followed by any other part of the name listed). Book title. Publisher, Date.
Books with 1 author:
Bontemps, Arna. Free at Last: the Life of Frederick Douglass. Dodd, Mead & Company, 1971.
Washington, Booker T. Frederick Douglass. Greenwood, 1969.
Book with 2 or more authors:
Heywood, Linda Marinda, et al., editors. African Americans in US Foreign Policy: from the Era of Frederick Douglass to the Age of Obama. University of Illinois Press, 2015.
Chapter or section from a book:
Martin, Waldo E. “Frederick Douglass: Humanist as Race Leader.” Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century, edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier, Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana, Ill., 1991, pp. 59–86.
Ebooks from a database:
Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999. EBook Collection, silk.library.umass.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=56521&site=eds-live&scope=site.
Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom. Arno Press, 1968. Ebook Central, ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/nscc-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3314416.
Ebook from a website:
Douglass, Frederick. “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Written by Himself.” Documenting the American South, University of North Carolina, 1999, docsouth.unc.edu/neh/douglass/douglass.html.
Article from a reference book:
“Douglass, Frederick 1818–1895.” Encyclopedia of Race and Racism, Gale, Farmington, MI, 2013. Credo Reference, proxy6.noblenet.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/galerace/douglass_frederick_1818_1895/0.
Video from a database:
Presenting Mr. Frederick Douglass: The Lesson of the Hour. Films Media Group, 1994, fod.infobase.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?wID=97330&xtid=4930.
Journal articles with 1 author:
Kohn, Margaret. “Frederick Douglass's Master-Slave Dialectic.” Journal of Politics, vol. 67, no. 2, 2005, pp. 497–514., JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/343300.
MacKethan, Lucinda H. “From Fugitive Slave to Man of Letters: The Conversion of Frederick Douglass.” Journal of Narrative Technique, edited by Russel Whitaker, vol. 16, no. 1, 1986, pp. 55–71. Literature Resource Center, libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GLS&sw=w&u=mlin_n_danvers&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE|H1420058750&asid=2bf27784b92976af56afa0725a9a6f9c.
Journal article with 2 or more authors:
Axelrod, J. B. C., and Rise B. Axelrod. “Reading Frederick Douglass through Foucault's Panoptic Lens: A Proposal for Teaching Close Reading.” Pacific Coast Philology Vol. 39, 2004, pp. 112–127. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/25474159.
Leverenz, David, and Barbara Foley. “The Documentary Mode in Black Literature.” PMLA, vol. 96, no. 1, 1981, pp. 105–107. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/462008.
Blow, Charles M. “A Lesson in Black History.” The New York Times, June 2017, p. A21(L). The New York Times, libraries.state.ma.us/login?gwurl=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=SPN.SP24&sw=w&u=mlin_n_danvers&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE|A480173243&asid=8996555886b97c28ba209dddcd0c8880.
Puleo, Stephen. "When Boston Awoke." Boston Globe, Apr 11, 2010, pp. C.1, Boston Globe, https://search.proquest.com/docview/404747049?accountid=34857.