Part 3 of the tutorial consists of 3 sections (A, B & C) containing readings, videos and questions. First read through the information and watch the videos on pages 3A, 3B, and 3C. When finished take the quiz at the end of section C. The content in these sections is best followed from top-to-bottom beginning with the left column.
After completing this part of the tutorial students will be able to
Authority comes from context. It comes from a particular setting and meets a particular need. Each of these authorities are evaluated the user to determine if it can be believed or used with confidence.
- A scholar speaks out of an academic discipline, with its own rules & methods. (Article in peer-reviewed journal)
- An official speaks out of the authority provided by their position. (A FEMA official's statement on Hurricane Sandy)
- An observer speaks from experience. (Tweet from person in Fergurson, Ohio in the middle of the Fergurson unrest)
Peer review or refereeing is the process journal editors use to ensure the articles they publish meet the standards of good scholarship. Academic papers, journal articles, research papers etc, are examined by a panel of other scholars in the field -the author's peers. The panel may decide to accept the paper, recommend revision or reject it completely.
Any resource that passes the peer-review process can be considered to have the highest level of academic credibility although, of course, you still need to consider other elements such as currency and coverage.
Not all journals use a peer review process. Some professors may specify that only peer-reviewed resources are to be used in assignments.
Searching for peer-reviewed articles in library databases
Some databases allow you to narrow your search to return only peer-reviewed results. This process differs from database to database and is often as easy as checking a box that says 'Peer-reviewed'.
Verifying peer-reviewed status of journals
You can verify the peer-reviewed status of a print journal issue by checking for information about the editorial board at the front of the journal. Information about print and e-journals is also available from the journal's website.
Questions to ask
What to look for on a webpage
If you can't find any information about the author on the webpage, do another search to see if it is possible to identify the credentials of the author and /or organization.
What to look for in print material
If you can't verify that the information is authoritative, don't use it!